NASA announced in December 2017 the selection of two finalist concepts for a robotic mission set to launch in the mid-2020s. A comet sample return mission and a drone-like scout craft that could explore future landing sites on Titan, Saturn’s largest moon.
The two concepts were chosen from 12 proposals submitted under a New Frontiers program.
“This is a giant leap forward in developing our next bold mission of science discovery,” said Associate Administrator for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate Thomas Zurbuchen. “These are tantalizing investigations that seek to answer some of the biggest questions in our solar system today.”
Comet Astrobiology Exploration Sample Return (CAESAR)
The mission hopes to return a sample from 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, the same comet successfully explored by the European Space Agency’s Rosetta spacecraft, to survey its origin and history. If funded, the missions would be managed by NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland.
CAESAR and Dragonfly will be funded through the end of 2018 to further concept development. NASA will select one of the missions in the spring of 2019 to further development.
The selected mission will be the fourth of the New Frontiers $850 million portfolio, in the footsteps of the New Horizons mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt; Juno mission to Jupiter and the OSIRIS-REx, which will return a sample of the asteroid Bennu after rendezvousing with the selected mission.
Learn more about the New Frontiers Program and other missions here.